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Src-dependent phosphorylation of beta2-adaptin dissociates the beta-arrestin-AP-2 complex.

Fessart D, Simaan M, Zimmerman B, Comeau J, Hamdan FF, Wiseman PW, Bouvier M, Laporte SA

Hormones and Cancer Research Unit, Department of Medicine, Royal Victoria Hospital, Montréal, QC, H3A 1A1, Canada.

Beta-arrestins are known to act as endocytic adaptors by recruiting the clathrin adaptor protein 2 (AP-2) complex to G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), linking them to clathrin-coated pits (CCPs) for internalization. They also act as signaling molecules connecting GPCRs to different downstream effectors. We have previously shown that stimulation of the angiotensin II (Ang II) type 1 receptor (AGTR1, hereafter referred to as AT1R), a member of the GPCR family, promotes the formation of a complex between beta-arrestin, the kinase Src and AP-2. Here, we report that formation of such a complex is involved in the AT1R-mediated tyrosine phosphorylation of beta2-adaptin, the subunit of AP-2 involved in binding beta-arrestin. We identify a crucial tyrosine residue in the ear domain of beta2-adaptin and show in vitro that the phosphorylation of this site regulates the interaction between beta-arrestin and beta2-adaptin. Using fluorescently tagged proteins combined with resonance energy transfer and image cross-correlation spectroscopy approaches, we show in live cells that beta2-adaptin phosphorylation is an important regulatory process for the dissociation of beta-arrestin-AP-2 complexes in CCPs. Finally, we show that beta2-adaptin phosphorylation is involved in the early steps of receptor internalization. Our findings not only unveil beta2-adaptin as a new Src target during AT1R internalization, but also support the role of receptor-mediated signaling in the control of clathrin-dependent endocytosis of receptors.

J. Cell. Sci. 2007;120(Pt 10):1723-32.

Pubmed ID: 17456551

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