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Peptide-based inhibitors of the hepatitis C virus NS3 protease: structure-activity relationship at the C-terminal position.

Rancourt J, Cameron DR, Gorys V, Lamarre D, Poirier M, Thibeault D, Llinàs-Brunet M

Research and Development, Boehringer Ingelheim (Canada) Ltd, 2100 Cunard Street, Laval (Québec), Canada H7S 2G5.

The structure-activity relationship at the C-terminal position of peptide-based inhibitors of the hepatitis C virus NS3 protease is presented. The observation that the N-terminal cleavage product (DDIVPC-OH) of a substrate derived from the NS5A/5B cleavage site was a competitive inhibitor of the NS3 protease was previously described. The chemically unstable cysteine residue found at the P1 position of these peptide-based inhibitors could be replaced with a norvaline residue, at the expense of a substantial drop in the enzymatic activity. The fact that an aminocyclopropane carboxylic acid (ACCA) residue at the P1 position of a tetrapeptide such as 1 led to a significant gain in the inhibitory enzymatic activity, as compared to the corresponding norvaline derivative 2, prompted a systematic study of substituent effects on the three-membered ring. We report herein that the incorporation of a vinyl group with the proper configuration onto this small cycle produced inhibitors of the protease with much improved in vitro potency. The vinyl-ACCA is the first reported carboxylic acid containing a P1 residue that produced NS3 protease inhibitors that are significantly more active than inhibitors containing a cysteine at the same position.

J. Med. Chem. 2004;47(10):2511-22.

Pubmed ID: 15115394

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