Nuclear eIF4E Stimulates 3'-End Cleavage of Target RNAs.
Institute of Research in Immunology and Cancer (IRIC), Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Université de Montréal, Pavillon Marcelle-Coutu, 2950 Chemin de Polytechnique, Montreal, QC H3T 1J4, Canada.
The eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF4E is nuclear and cytoplasmic where it plays roles in export and translation of specific transcripts, respectively. When we were studying its mRNA export activity, we unexpectedly discovered that eIF4E drives the protein expression of elements of the 3'-end core cleavage complex involved in cleavage and polyadenylation (CPA), including CPSF3, the enzyme responsible for cleavage, as well as its co-factors CPSF1, CPSF2, CPSF4, Symplekin, WDR33, and FIP1L1. Using multiple strategies, we demonstrate that eIF4E stimulates 3'-end cleavage of selected RNAs. eIF4E physically interacts with CPSF3, CPSF1, and uncleaved target RNA, suggesting it acts directly and indirectly on the pathway. Through these effects, eIF4E can generate better substrates for its mRNA export and translation activities. Thus, we identified an unanticipated function for eIF4E in 3'-end processing of specific target RNAs, and this function could potentially affect the expression of a broad range of oncoproteins.
Cell Rep 2019;27(5):1397-1408.e4.
Pubmed ID: 31042468