Proteomics analysis of Herpes Simplex Virus type 1-infected cells reveals dynamic changes of viral protein expression, ubiquitylation and phosphorylation.
Herpesviruses are among the most complex and widespread human viruses, and cause a number of diseases ranging from cold sores to genital infections and encephalitis. While the composition of viral particles has been studied, less is known about the expression of the whole viral proteome in infected cells. Here, we analysed the proteome of the prototypical Herpes Simplex Virus type 1 (HSV1) in infected cells by mass spectrometry (MS). Using a high sensitivity LTQ-Orbitrap, we achieved a very high level of protein coverage and identified a total of 67 structural and non-structural viral proteins. We also identified 90 novel phosphorylation sites and ten novel ubiquitylation sites on different viral proteins. Ubiquitylation was observed on nine HSV1 proteins. We identified phosphorylation sites on about half of the detected viral proteins; many of the highly phosphorylated ones are known to regulate gene expression. Treatment with inhibitors of DNA replication induced changes of both viral protein abundance and modifications, highlighting the interdependence of viral proteins during the life cycle. Given the importance of expression dynamics, ubiquitylation and phosphorylation for protein function, these findings will serve as important tools for future studies on herpesvirus biology.
J. Proteome Res. 2013;12(4):1820-29.
Pubmed ID: 23418649