Are genetic determinants of asymmetric stem cell division active in hematopoietic stem cells?
Laboratory of Molecular Genetics of Hematopoietic Stem Cells, Institute of Research in Immunology and Cancer, University of Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Stem cells have acquired a golden glow in the past few years as they represent possible tools for reversing the damage wreak on organs. These cells are found not only in major regenerative tissues, such as the epithelia, blood and testes, but also in 'static tissues', such as the nervous system and liver, where they play a central role in tissue growth and maintenance. The mechanism by which stem cells maintain populations of highly differentiated, short-lived cells seems to involve a critical balance between alternate fates: daughter cells either maintain stem cell identity or initiate differentiation. Recent studies in lower organisms have unveiled the regulatory mechanisms of asymmetric stem cell divisions. In these models, the surrounding environment likely provides key instructive signals for the cells to choose one fate over another. Our understanding now extends to the intrinsic mechanisms of cell polarity that influence asymmetrical stem cell divisions. This article focuses on the genetic determinants of asymmetric stem cell divisions in lower organisms as a model for studying the process of self-renewal of mammalian hematopoietic stem cells.
Pubmed ID: 15378084