[Hepatitis C virus subverts pattern recognition receptors-mediated control of adaptative immunity orchestrated by dendritic cells].
Laboratoire d'immunovirologie, CR-CHUM, Hôpital Saint-Luc, Montréal (Québec), H2X 1P1 Canada.
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a liver-borne infectious disease that remains a major global health threat. The mechanisms whereby HCV evades the host's immune defences and establishes persistent infection remain elusive; but they likely require a complex and coordinated interruption of the interplay between innate and adaptive immune actors. This review discusses the concept that HCV evades the host's immune response to its components partly because of its ability to inactivate the major orchestrator of the adaptive immune response - the DCs. It argues that DCs constitute an immunologically relevant cellular viral host actively targeted by HCV. This targeting disrupts TRIF- and IPS-1-dependent but not MyD88-coupled pathogen recognition receptors (PRR) sensing pathways in these infected cells to foil the networks by which innate immunity to HCV is translated into virus-specific adaptive immune-mediated host resistance. Thus, as a culprit, this cell-specific and numerically restrained DC defect offers a promising field of investigation in which to study and understand the HCV-restricted nature of the deficit in cellular immunity in persistently infected -individuals who have otherwise normal immune functions to unrelated pathogens. In this model, protective immunity is contingent on proper processing and delivery of danger signals by DCs presenting HCV antigens.
Med Sci (Paris) 2010;26(10):869-74.
Pubmed ID: 20929679