MEK1-ERK2 signaling pathway protects myocardium from ischemic injury in vivo.
Department of Cardiology, Maastricht University, and Heart Lung Center Utrecht, Maastricht and Utrecht, Netherlands.
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction causes a rapid and largely irreversible loss of cardiac myocytes that can lead to sudden death, ventricular dilation, and heart failure. Members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascade have been implicated as important effectors of cardiac myocyte cell death in response to diverse stimuli, including ischemia-reperfusion injury. Specifically, activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) has been associated with cardioprotection, likely through antagonism of apoptotic regulatory pathways. METHODS AND RESULTS: To establish a causal relationship between ERK1/2 signaling and cardioprotection, we analyzed Erk1 nullizygous gene-targeted mice, Erk2 heterozygous gene-targeted mice, and transgenic mice with activated MEK1-ERK1/2 signaling in the heart. Although MEK1 transgenic mice were largely resistant to ischemia-reperfusion injury, Erk2+/- gene-targeted mice showed enhanced infarction areas, DNA laddering, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP biotin nick-end labeling (TUNEL) compared with littermate controls. In contrast, enhanced MEK1-ERK1/2 signaling protected hearts from DNA laddering, TUNEL, and preserved hemodynamic function assessed by pressure-volume loop recordings after ischemia-reperfusion injury. CONCLUSIONS: These data are the first to demonstrate that ERK2 signaling is required to protect the myocardium from ischemia-reperfusion injury in vivo.
Pubmed ID: 15096454