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Discovery of a dual Ras and ARF6 inhibitor from a GPCR endocytosis screen.

Giubilaro J, Schuetz DA, Stepniewski TM, Namkung Y, Khoury E, Lara-Márquez M, Campbell S, Beautrait A, Armando S, Radresa O, Duchaine J, Lamarche-Vane N, Claing A, Selent J, Bouvier M, Marinier A, Laporte SA

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Internalization and intracellular trafficking of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) play pivotal roles in cell responsiveness. Dysregulation in receptor trafficking can lead to aberrant signaling and cell behavior. Here, using an endosomal BRET-based assay in a high-throughput screen with the prototypical GPCR angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R), we sought to identify receptor trafficking inhibitors from a library of ~115,000 small molecules. We identified a novel dual Ras and ARF6 inhibitor, which we named Rasarfin, that blocks agonist-mediated internalization of AT1R and other GPCRs. Rasarfin also potently inhibits agonist-induced ERK1/2 signaling by GPCRs, and MAPK and Akt signaling by EGFR, as well as prevents cancer cell proliferation. In silico modeling and in vitro studies reveal a unique binding modality of Rasarfin within the SOS-binding domain of Ras. Our findings unveil a class of dual small G protein inhibitors for receptor trafficking and signaling, useful for the inhibition of oncogenic cellular responses.

Nat Commun 2021;12(1):4688.

Pubmed ID: 34344896

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