The eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF4E wears a "cap" for many occasions.
Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Institute of Research in Immunology and Cancer (IRIC), Université de Montréal , Montreal, Québec, Canada.
The eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF4E plays important roles in controlling the composition of the proteome. Indeed, dysregulation of eIF4E is associated with poor prognosis cancers. The traditional view has been that eIF4E acts solely in translation. However, over the last ∼25 years, eIF4E was found in the nucleus where it acts in mRNA export and in the last ∼10 years, eIF4E was found in cytoplasmic processing bodies (P-bodies) where it functions in mRNA sequestration and stability. The common biochemical thread for these activities is the ability of eIF4E to bind the 7-methylguanosine cap on the 5' end of mRNAs. Recently, the possibility that eIF4E directly binds some mRNA elements independently of the cap has also been raised. Importantly, the effects of eIF4E are not genome-wide with a subset of transcripts targeted depending on the presence of specific mRNA elements and context-dependent regulatory factors. Indeed, eIF4E governs RNA regulons through co-regulating the expression of groups of transcripts acting in the same biochemical pathways. In addition, studies over the past ∼15 years indicate that there are multiple strategies that regulatory factors employ to modulate eIF4E activities in context-dependent manners. This perspective focuses on these new findings and incorporates them into a broader model for eIF4E function.
Translation (Austin) 2016;4(2):e1220899.
Pubmed ID: 28090419