Older adults with heart failure treated with carvedilol, bisoprolol, or metoprolol tartrate: risk of mortality.
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
The long-term use of β-blockers has been shown to improve clinical outcomes among patients with heart failure (HF). However, a lack of data persists in assessing whether carvedilol or bisoprolol are superior to metoprolol tartrate in clinical practice. We endeavored to compare the effectiveness of β-blockers among older adults following a primary hospital admission for HF.
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2017;26(1):81-90.
Pubmed ID: 27859924