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E4F1 Is a Master Regulator of CHK1-Mediated Functions.

Grote D, Moison C, Duhamel S, Chagraoui J, Girard S, Yang J, Mayotte N, Coulombe Y, Masson JY, Brown GW, Meloche S, Sauvageau G

Molecular Genetics of Stem Cells Laboratory, Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer (IRIC), University of Montreal, Montreal, QC H3T 1J4, Canada.

It has been previously shown that the polycomb protein BMI1 and E4F1 interact physically and genetically in the hematopoietic system. Here, we report that E4f1 is essential for hematopoietic cell function and survival. E4f1 deletion induces acute bone marrow failure characterized by apoptosis of progenitors while stem cells are preserved. E4f1-deficient cells accumulate DNA damage and show defects in progression through S phase and mitosis, revealing a role for E4F1 in cell-cycle progression and genome integrity. Importantly, we showed that E4F1 interacts with and protects the checkpoint kinase 1 (CHK1) protein from degradation. Finally, defects observed in E4f1-deficient cells were fully reversed by ectopic expression of Chek1. Altogether, our results classify E4F1 as a master regulator of CHK1 activity that ensures high fidelity of DNA replication, thus safeguarding genome stability.

Cell Rep 2015;11(2):210-219.

Pubmed ID: 25843717

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