Interleukin-10-induced MARCH1 mediates intracellular sequestration of MHC class II in monocytes.
Département de Microbiologie et Immunologie, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada. firstname.lastname@example.org
IL-10 is a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine interfering with antigen presentation by inducing the intracellular sequestration of MHC class II (MHC-II) molecules. Here we studied the contribution of membrane-associated RING-CH (MARCH) ubiquitin ligase family members to the IL-10-induced down-regulation of MHC-II molecules. We found that MARCH1 and MARCH8 proteins are the most potent family members for the down-regulation of MHC-II surface expression in transfected cells, but only MARCH1 mRNA expression is strongly induced by IL-10 in human primary monocytes. We detected mono- and poly-ubiquitinated forms of MHC-II molecules both in IL-10-treated monocytes and in cells transfected with MARCH1. We also show direct interaction between MHC-II and MARCH1 molecules in co-immunoprecipitation assays. Finally, we found that siRNA-mediated knockdown of MARCH1 reverses IL-10-induced MHC-II down-regulation in primary monocytes. Thus, the immunosuppressive effect of IL-10 on antigen presentation is mediated through induced expression of MARCH1.
Eur. J. Immunol. 2008;38(5):1225-30.
Pubmed ID: 18389477