Restructuring g-protein- coupled receptor activation.
Department of Biochemistry, Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer, Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC H3C 3J7, Canada.
G-protein-coupled receptors serve as key signal transduction conduits, linking extracellular inputs with diverse cellular responses. These receptors eluded structural characterization for decades following their identification. A landmark structure of rhodopsin provided a basis for structure-function studies and homology modeling, but advances in receptor biology suffered from a lack of receptor-specific structural insights. The recent explosion in GPCR structures confirms some features predicted by rhodopsin-based models, and more importantly, it reveals unexpected ligand-binding modes and critical aspects of the receptor activation process. The new structures also promise to foster studies testing emerging models for GPCR function such as receptor dimerization and ligand-biased signaling.
Pubmed ID: 23021212