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CD8 T-cell ability to exert immunodomination correlates with T-cell receptor: epitope association rate.

Roy-Proulx G, Baron C, Perreault C

Institute of Research in Immunology and Cancer, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

When presented alone, H7 a and HY antigens elicit CD8 T-cell responses of similar amplitude, but H7 a totally abrogates the response to HY when both antigens are presented on the same antigen-presenting cell. We found that H7a- and HY-specific T-cell precursors had similar frequencies in nonimmune mice and expressed similar levels of CD5. The H7a -specific CD8 T-cell repertoire harvested at the time of primary response showed highly restricted T-cell receptor (TCR) diversity. Furthermore, T cells specific for H7a and HY expressed equivalent levels of CD8 and TCR and displayed similar tetramer decay rates. The key difference was that anti-H7a T cells exhibited a much more rapid TCR:epitope on-rate than anti-HY T cells. Coupled with evidence that primed CD8 T cells limit the duration of antigen presentation by killing or inactivating antigen-presenting cells, our data support a novel and simple model for immunodomination: the main feature of T cells that exert immunodomination is that, compared with other T cells, they are functionally primed after a shorter duration of antigen presentation.

Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant. 2005;11(4):260-71.

Pubmed ID: 15812391

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