The structure and location of SIMP/STT3B account for its prominent imprint on the MHC I immunopeptidome.
Institute of Research in Immunology and Cancer, University of Montreal, Casier Postal 6128, Succ. Centre-ville, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada.
Proteins show drastic discrepancies in their contribution to the collection of self-peptides that shape the repertoire of CD8 T cells (MHC I self-immunopeptidome). To decipher why selected proteins are the foremost sources of MHC I-associated self-peptides, we chose to study SIMP/STT3B because this protein generates very high amounts of MHC I-associated peptides in mice and humans. We show that the endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated degradation pathway and MHC I processing intersect at SIMP/STT3B. Relevant key features of SIMP/STT3B are its lysine-rich region, its propensity to misfold and its location in the ER membrane in close proximity to the immunoproteasome. Moreover, we show that coupling to SIMP/STT3B can be used to foster MHC I presentation of a selected peptide, here the ovalbumin peptide SIINFEKL. These data yield novel insights into relations between the cell proteome and the MHC I immunopeptidome. They suggest that the contribution of a given protein to the MHC I immunopeptidome results from the interplay of at least three factors: the presence of degrons (degradation signals), the tendency of the protein to misfold and its subcellular localization. Furthermore, they indicate that substrates of the ER-associated degradation pathway may have a prominent imprint on the MHC I self-immunopeptidome.
Int. Immunol. 2005;17(12):1583-96.
Pubmed ID: 16263756